What exactly is plagiarism?

Copied-and-pasted text, paraphrases, duplicate content, quotes, similar passages, etc.

With the increasing use of digital technology in research, education and knowledge sharing, new forms of plagiarism and the temptation to copy/paste are also increasing.

Plagiarism is the act of portraying someone else's work as your own. In documentary research and writing (dissertation, internship report, thesis, paper, etc.), you're allowed to use another author's ideas, provided that the reader is informed of the source for an idea, text or work.

Why is plagiarism serious?

Why is plagiarism serious?

"Plagiarism violates the rules of academic ethics and constitutes a misrepresentation in the work being graded. Plagiarism also constitutes an infringement of copyright and intellectual property, which could be equated with a crime of infringement."

Website of the University of Pau and the Adour Region

"Teachers want to assess the student's own abilities - not those of another author. Plagiarism raises doubts about the expected qualities of a university student (critical mind, creativity, honesty, ability to develop a personal argument and articulate it, etc.) and is considered a serious violation of scientific ethics. Plagiarism brings the plagiarist into disrepute, calling into question not only the work in which they plagiarised but also the plagiarist's entire body of work and, by extension, their skills."

University of Liège website

of students were tempted to plagiarise in a research paper
of students were tempted to plagiarise in a research paper
of students rephrase text without citing the author
of students rephrase text without citing the author
of students think the teacher does not check for plagiarism
of students think the teacher does not check for plagiarism
of students do not know how to cite sources
of students do not know how to cite sources

Different forms of plagiarism

[...] translating a text without mentioning its creator is considered plagiarism. This is called translingual plagiarism.

[...] it does not suffice to simply change a few words but rather to rephrase the whole sentence, words and structure, while still providing a citation.

[...] you are allowed to use your own words taken from another document, provided you mention the source.

[...] the author must be cited (Last and First Name), as well as the date of publication and where the information was found (website, book, newspaper, etc.).

[...] Hence, both the primary and secondary sources should be included in the citation.

[...] Common knowledge, of a fact or event, corresponds to its wide recognition, namely, if it is known to a large majority of people.

[...] an anonymous source is just as important as a known source.

Why should you respect copyright? Why should you avoid duplicate content?

To attest to honest behaviour
To attest to honest behaviour
To promote original creations
To promote original creations
To contribute to research
To contribute to research
To attest to the quality
To attest to the quality
What are the risks and punishments associated with plagiarism?

What are the risks and punishments associated with plagiarism?

Taking quotes without indicating sources is cheating, and a violation of academic regulations. The punishment depends on the school's policy, whether the person intended to cheat, the significance of the plagiarised assignment, whether it's a repeated offence, etc. Here are some examples of punishments related to plagiarism.

Academically

- Invalidation of the assignment impacted by plagiarism

- Warning/blame

- Temporary or permanent expulsion from any public higher education institution

Legally

- up to 10 years' imprisonment

- $250,000 fine

Psychologically

- Reputational damage to the institution and student

- Cloud of suspicion that follows the plagiarist for a long time and that raises questions for all the other students

- Calling into question the value of the school's diploma and the quality of teaching

                                                                                                                       

The importance of preventing plagiarism

The importance of preventing plagiarism

Plagiarism can be unintentional. It may come from a lack of knowledge about citation standards and copyright. Academic integrity must be learned from the earliest research assignments, starting in middle and high school. Today's students are the professionals and citizens of tomorrow. It is crucial to instill authenticity, respect and goodwill as part of students' education.

To this end, Compilatio offers a positive and educational approach.

The pillars of a preventive anti-plagiarism approach

The pillars of a preventive anti-plagiarism approach

  • Inform about the regulatory framework
    Awareness-raising materials
  • Guided practice in research and writing
    Learning and training
  • Evaluate the adherence to guidelines
    Preventive measurement tools, anti-plagiarism software
  • Discipline cheaters
    Enforce punishments
How can I avoid plagiarism?

How can I avoid plagiarism?

Some reminders to avoid falling into the trap of copying/pasting:

  •  Indicate your sources
  • Cite images and graphics
  • Paraphrase and rephrase ideas
  • Make references to the bibliography
  • Leverage simple-to-use similarity-detection software
    -Magister: software to help teachers assess student work
    -Studium: software to help students with writing                        
All are affected by plagiarism and awareness of it

All are affected by plagiarism and awareness of it

Secondary or higher educational institutions evaluate students to confirm their acquisition of knowledge and adherence to instructions. Cheating distorts grades and cheapens the value of diplomas and education.

"Plagiarism is everyone's business! Raising awareness is aimed primarily at students, but plagiarism pertains to all school staff, whether they are teachers, researchers or administrators. It is part of a comprehensive approach that includes signing a charter, specific training, the use of plagiarism-detection tools and recommendations regarding disciplinary actions."

Thank you for your trust in Compilatio
UCBL
University of Fribourg
ESG Rennes
Université de Genève
Université de Montpellier
ESC Clermont
Université Bretagne Sud
Ecole Moser
ESTA Belfort
IUSTO
Collège Montmorency
Institut PREPAVOGT

Compilatio - Partner in your fight against plagiarism

Compilatio helps students and teaching staff

understand what exactly plagiarism is in order to prevent it better: understand what exactly plagiarism is in order to prevent it better:

definition, legal obligations, risks and punishments, copyright compliance guidelines, etc.