Higher education institutions and authorities around the world are gradually introducing plans to address what is a growing issue : plagiarism. Their answers usually revolve around 3 areas :
– drafting ethics policy,
– promoting academic integrity by raising awareness on plagiarism and by learning students’ techniques for citing and referencing work,
– using new technologies, plagiarism-detection software, such as Compilatio.
India and Montenegro authorities are two of the latest to introduce new actions in their own country.
INDIA | The beginning of the end to a widespread practice?
The Indian government has introduced its first regulations in order to prevent academic plagiarism in July 2018. Higher education institutions must now use plagiarism detection software to check students and researchers work (thesis, dissertation, publication). Nature – 09/08/2018 – India cracks down on plagiarism at universities – Shekhar Chandra
Similarities percentage are then used to address plagiarism across four tiers with sanctions given accordingly. The Gazette of India – 31/07/2018 – University Grants Commission (Promotion of Academic Integrity and prevention of plagiarism in higher educational institutions) Regulations, 2018- page 11
In parallel, this new plan introduce awareness programs and trainings for students and faculty members. Plagiarism and scientific misconduct are rising practice in India mainly due to poor training of students and scientists on good research practices. Several high-profile academics have been accused of plagiarism in the last. Wikipedia – 05/12/2018 (edited)- Scientific plagiarism in India
No wonder this is a sensitive case in India, and criticisms of the new regulation are rife. However, as states Virander Singh Chauhan, a researcher, this is “a much-needed step in the right direction”. Science magazine – 09/04/2018 – India creates unique tiered system punish plagiarism
MONTENEGRO | Helped by the Council of Europe, Montenegro improves the quality of its education
In 2016 Montenegro authorities engaged in an action to “strengthen integrity and combat corruption in the higher education system through applying preventive mechanisms based on Council of Europe standards and practices”. Council of Europe – Horizontal Facility for Western Balkans and Turkey – Actions on Education 7 Council of Europe – 11/01/2019 – Steering committee reviews progress of actions on education in Montenegro
They were assisted by the Council of Europe, who co-founded the project and gave them provision of expertise. Last December, the Steering Committee on actions in Education met in Podgorica (Montenegro) to review the progress. One of the main achievements have been the development of a draft law on academic integrity, but the meeting reported plentiful of other initiatives such as :
– the University of Montenegro will be awarded “Responsible institution” by the Swiss International Institute for Research and Action on Academic Fraud and Plagiarism
– a leading European ethics and antiplagiarism educational center affiliated to Geneva University,
– the development of training materials on academic integrity. Council of Europe – 11/01/2019 – Steering committee reviews progress of actions on education in Montenegro
These promising initiatives toward better quality Montenegrin education prompted Vesna Atanasova, Programme Manager at the Council of Europe’s Education Department, to conclude: “This is not the end. Closing these education projects usually means new beginnings and fresh starts”.