When you write something, plagiarism is strongly sanctioned and even eliminatory. However, sometimes it can be difficult to understand what plagiarism is, and consequently how to avoid it. In this article, we will remind you about what plagiarism is and we will give you some advice on how to avoid it.

Plagiarism: what is it??

Plagier c’est utiliser des propos ou idées qui appartiennent à une personne tierce sans que leur appartenance ne soit précisée. En effet, tu ne peux pas t’approprier les dires que tu trouves To plagiarise is to use another person’s words or ideas without specifying that they belong to such person. Actually, you cannot claim the ownership of the words that you find in your works of reference. Neither can you use someone else’s work and pretend that it is yours, even if that person has given you permission. Nevertheless, here is some advice to avoid plagiarism.

Plagiarism: how to avoid it?

Adding some citations

If you want to use someone else’s words or ideas, you must do it in the form of a citation, using quotation marks. Besides, you must clearly mention the source of your citation, either in the text itself or in a footnote. Finally, the bibliography at the end of the document must include all the documents that you have used.

Adding references to illustrations

Whenever you use a photo, illustration, graph or any other visual item that does not belong to you, you must add a reference. This means that you must specify the source of the document that you are using, either underneath the concerned item or by using a footnote.

Paraphrasing words

When you use a citation, there is no problem in rewording it in order it fits into your work better and so that it fully corresponds to your writing style. However, like for the citations, you must cite your source. The easiest thing to do is to use a footnote. If you want to know more about reformulation, read this article: The power of reformulation.

Inserting some references to the bibliography

In any written text, you will be asked to build a bibliography. Besides proving your integrity and your respect of copyright, a bibliography shows the scientific nature of your work, enabling your readers to identify and find out your sources easily.