When writing an internship report, a thesis or a research piece, you must use citations for all quotes. Sources must be mentioned in the body of the text and at the bottom of the page. The bibliography appears at the end of the assignment, with a list of detailed sources.

 

There are several ways to cite authors. It is up to you to choose one that suits your needs best or the one that is required in your school or university. But how exactly do we do that? Let’s go through some do’s and don’ts in this article.

 

4 Good reasons to quote your sources

1/ Respect copyright laws and avoid plagiarism

2/ Depict the quality of your work

3/ Verify the facts presented

4/ Give the reader the opportunity to develop further research the subject matter and look up originally quoted material.

 

The basic rules for well-cited quotes

Regardless of the format used, the citation in the text must be in this form: Author’s name + year of publication

Only one rule should be implemented: You cannot switch from one style to another. You must follow the same format throughout the document.

 

The Harvard Style Reference

It is the most complete and also the most used in Europe.

Bibliography citation: Author’s name + first initial + year of publication + title of the work + date of consultation

website    Online newspaper article: Author + year of publication + title of the article + name of the newspaper + mention “online” + page + URL + date of consultation

newspaper    Printed newspaper article: Author + year of publication + article title + newspaper title + pages

paint-and-brush   Image: Author + year of publication + title + format + URL + consultation date

play-button   Video: Name of the film + year of publication + format + director

video-camera  Interview: Interviewer + interviewee + year of interview + title

The APA standard

It is the most used by students.

Bibliography citations: Author’s name + first initial + year of publication + title of the work + date of consultation

website    Online newspaper article: Author + year of publication + title of the article + name of the article + name of the newspaper + volume + leaflet + pages + mention “online” + URL

newspaper    Printed journal article: Author + year of publication + title of the article + title of the journal + volume + booklet + pages

email   Email: Author + mention “email” + date

file   Blog: Author + date of publication + title of the article + mention “blog post” + consultation date + URL

 

The Chicago Style Citation

This citation style mainly focuses on digital sources.

Bibliography citation: Author’s name + year of publication + work title + country + publisher

website    Online newspaper article: Name of the newspaper + date of publication + title of the article + URL

newspaper    Printed newspaper article: Name of the newspaper + date of publication + title of the article

email   Email: Author’s first and last name + “email” mention + year of sending + title / subject

video-camera  Interview: Interviewer + year of publication + title + interviewee

 

The ABNT standard

It can only be used in the footnotes at the bottom of the page.

Bibliography citation: Author + work title + location + publisher + publication date

website    Online newspaper article: Author + article title + newspaper name + location of publication + volume/ issue + pages + month and year + URL

newspaper    Printed journal article:Author + title of the article + name of the journal + place of publication + volume/ issue + pages + month and year

email   Email:Author + Recipient + “personal message” mention + receipt date

file   Blog: Author + year of publication + blog title + article title + URL + consultation date

 

If you want to know more about this subject, Compilatio presents different citation rules and offers you a closer look at each one of them.

THE DIFFERENT CITATION STANDARD FOR RESEARCH WORK